Control Guidelines

Guidelines for Control

All wildlife should be controlled in as humane a manner as possible.  By law, unnecessarily cruel methods of control may be illegal and punishable.

Chemical Control Restrictions

Please be advised that chemical control by itself is not a solution to nuisance wildlife problems, but as part of an integrated pest management program, chemicals can be useful tools.

These products are registered by the Indiana State Chemist office (OISC) and have legal use in ; inclusion of these products on this web site does not constitute endorsement from USDA APHIS WS, Indiana DNR, or OISC.

Check for pesticides registered in Indiana at:
http://state.ceris.purdue.edu/ -National Pesticide Retrieval System

Disposal

Below are several recommended methods for disposing of a wild animal. Please not that all methods may not be available in all areas!

  1. Shooting (With proper firearm and in rural areas only)
  2. Euthanasia by injection (administered by veterinarian)*
  3. Euthanasia by gas chamber (administered by local animal control office or nuisance wildlife professional)*

*These methods may incur a fee.
Carcass Disposal

  1. Incineration
  2. Bury at least four feet below ground and away from bodies of water.
  3. Rendering
  4. Composting

For more information check with the Indiana State Board of Animal Health

Relocation

If the animal is to be relocated, you must have the permission of the landowner or property manager, (including federal, state and county properties such as parks, forests, etc.) to release the wild animal on their property.

It is suggested that you take the animal at least 10 miles away, but you must stay within your county limits when releasing wildlife. You can check the website for the IN DNR Division of Fish and Wildlife for additional information.

If you release the animal back onto your own property, be sure that you have fixed all of the animal's entrances to your buildings so that you do not immediately repeat the problem.

Species Restrictions

Birds
European Starlings, House or English Sparrows and Pigeons are not protected species and can be taken at any time without a permit. All other birds are protected under state and federal laws.

Activities requiring permits include: trapping, egg and nest destruction, shooting, capturing and relocation

Activities requiring no permits are: harassment techniques, eliminating or protecting food source, trimming and netting trees, barriers, Mylar tape, and high pressure water hoses

All other birds are protected under state or federal laws. Simplified guidelines follow:
Songbirds (ex. Cardinal, Blue Jay, Robin, etc.) Swallows (ex. Martin, Barn Swallow, Chimney Swift, etc.), Blackbirds* ( ex. Crow, Cowbird, Grackle, etc.), Woodpeckers (ex. Downy, Hairy, Pileated, Sapsucker, etc.), Waterfowl (ex. Canada Geese, Mallard, etc.), Shore birds (ex. Great Blue Heron, Crane, Seagull, etc.), and Raptors (ex. Hawk, Owl, Falcon, Eagle, Vultures etc.) are protected by state or federal laws. No trapping, killing, or possession of these birds is allowed without the proper permit. Check Laws and Regulations Section: Migratory Bird Treaty Act. Control suggestions are: harassment techniques, eliminating or protecting food source, trimming and netting trees, barriers, mylar tape, and high pressure water hoses.

You can download an application form for a depredation permit for Birds* (excludes Canada Geese) that are causing damage and are protected under the Migratory Bird treaty act from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife at:

http://www.fws.gov/forms/3-200-13.pdf

*For a list of birds protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty act visit:

http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/RegulationsPolicies/mbta/mbtintro.html

You must send a copy of your complete Federal U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service application form to the Indiana DNR Division of Fish and Wildlife for a companion state permit:

Division of Fish and Wildlife
Permit Coordinator
402 W. Washington St.
, W273
Indianapolis, IN 46204

See specific species for detailed control information.

* "Brown-headed cowbirds, common grackles, red-winged blackbirds, rusty blackbirds, and Brewer's blackbirds may be taken (killed) if the birds are committing or about to commit depredations upon ornamental or shade trees, agricultural crops, livestock, or wildlife; or are concentrated in numbers and in a manner which constitutes a health hazard or nuisance..." [Excerpted from the Indiana Administrative Code, Department Natural Resources, Division of Fish and Wildlife] 

Geese Management Solutions:
http://www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/2996.htm

Resident Canada Geese Egg and Nest Destruction Registration is available at: https://epermits.fws.gov/eRCGR/geSI.aspx

Agricultural Depredation Permit

Farmers experiencing crop damage greater than $500 by Canada geese may request an agricultural depredation permit from their DNR District Wildlife Biologist. Both lethal and non-lethal techniques must be utilized during this same time. The permits allow shooting of depredating Canada geese outside of the normal hunting season from March 11 to August 15.

Mammals
Groundhogs, Chipmunks, Red and Thirteen-Lined Ground squirrels, Moles, Mice, Norway (common) Rats, and certain bat species* (see specific species for detailed information) are not protected species, and can be taken at any time by any legal method without a permit. All other mammals are required to be handled in a specified manner.

* Positively identify the species of bat in question before implementing any control method.

Furbearers
Raccoon*, Opossum, Skunks, Muskrats, Beavers, Mink, Long-tailed weasels, Coyotes, and Red and Gray Foxes have
hunting and trapping seasons. Check with the DNR Division of Fish and Wildlife at 317-232-4080 or visit the website: www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/ for regulations and seasons. When they become a nuisance, it is legal for resident landowners and those who lease the land to trap, release, relocate (relocation requires permission from land owner or property manager; this includes federal, state, and county properties), or kill and dispose of these animals (according to the disposal guidelines). It is necessary for resident landowners and tenants to report any action to the local DNR Conservation Officer within 72 hours of trapping, releasing, relocating or killing. Individuals who do not own or lease the land where these species are causing damage must have a nuisance wild animal control permit from the Indiana DNR to take these animals unless it is during the hunting or trapping season for that species of animal (a hunting or trapping license would then be required). Contact the DNR at 317-232-4102 for more information or visit the DNR’s website at: www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/2371.htm for an application form. Other suggestions are: eliminating or protecting food sources, fencing, trapping, noise, and light.

Note: Coyotes can be taken year-round by landowners, and individuals authorized in writing by landowners, without a permit, using legal methods. There is also a hunting and trapping season for coyotes; Check with the DNR Division of Fish and Wildlife at 317-232-4080 or visit the website: www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/ for regulations and season dates.

See specific species for detailed control information.

* Before trapping you must ask your local DNR Conservation Officer for raccoon release, relocation or disposal instructions. Not all areas have the same guidelines.

Woodland Game
Wild Turkey, Gray and Fox Squirrel, Ruffed Grouse and Deer have
hunting seasons. Check with the DNR Division of Fish and Wildlife at 317-232-4080 or visit the website: www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/ for hunting regulations and seasons.
When these become a nuisance, some suggestions are:
Wild Turkey and Ruffed Grouse:

  • harassment techniques, eliminating or protecting food sources

Gray and Fox Squirrel:

  • barriers, eliminating or protecting food sources, legal repellents, and trapping (Landowners and tenants who take the animal without a permit must report the taking of the animal to the local DNR Conservation Officer within 72 hours; others must have a permit from the DNR.)

Deer:

  • harassment, fencing, eliminating or protecting food sources, legal repellents, legal harvest in the hunting season only (Contact the DNR Division of Fish and Wildlife at 317-232-4080 or visit the website: www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/ for hunting regulations and seasons.) Deer damage control permits are also available from your local DNR District Wildlife Biologist; for more information and assistance call the DNR Division of Fish and Wildlife at 317-232-4080 or visit the website: http://www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/4641.htm.

Upland Game:
Pheasant, Quail, and Eastern Cottontail Rabbits have
hunting seasons. Check with the DNR Division of Fish and Wildlife at 317-232-4080 or visit the website: www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/ for hunting regulations and seasons.
When these become a nuisance, some suggestions are:
Pheasant and Quail:

  • harassment, eliminating or protecting food sources, fencing

Rabbit:

  • fencing, eliminating or protecting food sources, trapping
    It is necessary to get a permit from the DNR Division of Fish and Wildlife at
    317-232-4080 to trap rabbits
    , unless they are trapped during the season with a hunting or trapping license. Contact the DNR at 317-232-4102 for more information or visit the DNR’s website at: www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/2371.htm for an application form for the nuisance wild animal control permit.

Other:
Crows have a
hunting season. Check with the DNR Division of Fish and Wildlife at 317-232-4080 or visit the website: www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/ for hunting regulations and seasons. When these become a nuisance, some suggestions are: harassment techniques, eliminating or protecting food sources, netting and trimming trees, and shooting (in permitted areas).

Green frogs and Bullfrogs have a hunting season. Check with the DNR Division of Fish and Wildlife at 317-232-4080 or visit the website: www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/ for hunting and trapping regulations and seasons. When these become a nuisance, talk to your local District Wildlife Biologist or contact the DNR Division of Fish and Wildlife to get a permit.

Note for Nuisance Wildlife Control Operators (NWCO):
A free nuisance wild animal control permit is available from the DNR Division of Fish and Wildlife to take (trap and release or kill) nuisance Raccoons, Opossums, Skunks, Red and Gray Foxes, Coyotes, Muskrats, Beavers, Mink, Cottontail Rabbits, Gray Squirrels, Fox Squirrels, Weasels, certain reptiles, and other protected species throughout the year. Contact the DNR at 317-232-4102 for more information or to obtain an application form, or visit the DNR’s website at: www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/2371.htm.

Trapping Restrictions

Nuisance wildlife that are legal to trap, including raccoons, gray and fox squirrels, opossums, coyotes, red foxes, gray foxes, muskrats, and beavers (before trapping rabbits you must have a permit), should remain in a trap less than 12 hours. Always check traps throughout the day. In city limits, use cage traps only. Make sure to check ordinances and the DNR Division of Fish and Wildlife at 317-232-4080 or visit the website: www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/ for laws and regulations regarding the use of any snares and body gripping traps.

Releasing Restrictions

Before releasing any trapped wild animal into a new location, make sure that you have permission of the property owner or manager. This includes privately owned and managed properties, such as rural farmlands or woodlands, and public owned and managed properties such as city, county, state or federally managed lands.
Suggestions:

  • Any wild animal in a cage trap will be scared, threatened, and show lots of teeth. Cover the cage trap with an old blanket, making sure you make a slit in the cloth so you can push the cage handle through (doing this during initial trap setup will minimize the possibility of being bitten!). This will help keep the wild animal calm while you transport it to a new, more appropriate location.
  • Do not transport a wild animal inside any vehicle! A pickup truck, with or without a cap, is the safest mode of transport (and the easiest to clean up, should your captive decide to leave you a "going away gift"!).

Hunting Restrictions

A hunting license is required to hunt wild animals in season. Please contact the DNR Division of Fish and Wildlife at 317-232-4080 or visit the website: www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild for information on hunting seasons, licenses, and laws and regulations. Any poaching (illegal trapping or killing of wildlife) can be reported to 1-800-TIP-IDNR.

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